Among Africans, those who live and work in the city are better off economically than those who live in the countryside.The African population of Zimbabwe is made up of at least ten ethnic groups, each speaking a different language. The Shona people make up about 60 percent of the population.

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PRONUNCIATION: zim-BAHB-wee-uhns ALTERNATE NAMES: (Formerly) Rhodesians LOCATION: Zimbabwe POPULATION: 10.4 million LANGUAGE: Chi Shona; isi Ndebele; English RELIGION: Indigenous beliefs; Christianity; Islam Zimbabwe is known for its rich tradition of stone sculpture and for its natural tourist attractions such as the Great Zimbabwe Falls and Victoria Falls.

It was a British colony known as Rhodesia from 1896 until 1980.

Before the British arrived, the country was made up of a number of separate kingdoms.

The earliest people to inhabit the country were the San, sometimes called the Qoisan or Khoisan. The best-known of these walls survive today as the remains of two cities, Great Zimbabwe and Khami.

They are also sometimes called "Bushmen," but this is an insulting name that was given to them by outsiders. The city of Great Zimbabwe prospered until the fifteenth century, and gave modern Zimbabwe its name. In 1992, the country's population was 10.4 million.

Of these, 98 percent were African, and about 2 percent were European, Asian, and mixed-race.People of mixed race are sometimes called "colored persons." Most of the good farm land is owned by the former European colonists (whites).Africans (blacks) cultivate poorer, overcrowded land. The industries in cities and towns are also mostly controlled by Europeans, Asians, and people of mixed race.Most people speak at least two languages, including one of the three official languages: chi Shona, isi Ndebele, and English.Even though there are many different groups, certain cultural practices or customs unite all Zimbabweans.One of the greatest experiences shared by all these groups was the war for independence.